Encryption

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Encryption is used to achieve confidentiality and integrity of sensitive information by making it unreadable and unintelligible to unauthorized individuals


Encryption

Encryption is a fundamental concept in the field of cryptography. It involves transforming plain text (unencrypted data) into cipher text (encrypted data) using an encryption algorithm. Encryption ensures the confidentiality and integrity of sensitive information by making it unreadable and unintelligible to unauthorized individuals.

There are two main types of encryption: symmetric key encryption and asymmetric key encryption.

  1. Symmetric Key Encryption: In symmetric key encryption, the same key is used for both the encryption and decryption processes. The sender and receiver share this secret key, which is kept confidential. This encryption method is efficient, but it requires a secure channel to exchange the secret key.
  2. Asymmetric Key Encryption: Asymmetric key encryption, also known as public-key encryption, uses a pair of keys: a public key and a private key. The public key is used for encryption, while the private key is used for decryption. The sender uses the recipients public key to encrypt the message, and only the recipient, who possesses the private key, can decrypt it. Asymmetric encryption offers enhanced security and eliminates the need for a secure key exchange.

While encryption helps protect sensitive data, it is important to note that it is not invulnerable. Quantum attacks, which leverage the power of quantum computers, have the potential to break traditional encryption algorithms. As a result, cryptographers are actively researching and developing quantum-resistant encryption methods to safeguard information in the face of this emerging threat.